Born in Haute-Marne
(France) to Villiers en Lieu on 11 May 1812 of a modest family, Antoine Auguste MUNIER is
a pupil of normal school of Bourges whose depended the Nièvre. He passes the entry examen
to Nevers on 3 March 1834 and passed there two years as departmental grant-holder. His
notes are rather honorable.
Firt year :
Religion : good
Reading : good
Handwriting : good
French grammar notions : A.B.
Calcul : A.B.
Dispositions : Good Enough
Character : Good
Intelligence : a slow bit
Aptitude : A.B.
Second year :
Moral instruction and religious : satisfactory
Reading : well
handwriting : very well
Grammar : very satisfactory
arithmetic : very satisfactory
metric system : very satisfactory
history - geography : satisfactory
processes for handwriting and perusal : satisfactory
geometry and surveying : very satisfactory
natural sciences : satisfactory
drawing : satisfactory enough
music and chant : satisfactory
character : farm and neighborly
conduct : regular
aptitude : remarkable
He is received 1st on 3 admitted and to his exit, 1st April 1836,
normal school he is recommended by the rector Raynal. He is then appointed director mutual
school of Clamecy where he gives all satisfaction. Besides his paid payment pupils (to
this period half of expense of the schooling are gratuitous), he receives 200 Francs per
year the municipality as bonus. By the municipality, he obtains generally all what he asks
as supplies and equipment for school.
On 19 June 1837, he marries to Clamecy, with Anne Morizot, girl
of an attorney, notable of Clamecy.
In 1844, one recognizes the perfected appearance of school and
the zeal of the master. He is unanimously appreciated in this city or are going to born
his children. The family resides in the residential part of Bethlehem, in low-city, near
the river,Yonne, popular float quarter.
The revolution of 1848, allows Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte
to return in France that he had to leave it in 1815. He is elected to the constituante
assembly and to the month of December of the same year, sustained by the memory of the
population to the legend napoléonienne but equally by the fear of the " red peril
" of the middle class , he is elected easily to the election of the president of the
Republic. He sustains then the " party in the order ".
Clamecy know the coup of the Prince - President from 3 December
1851, what provoked a great agitation in the city and especially in the middle class. They
believed that Paris raised against the Prince - President, that all France would follow.
In fact, the Parisian resistance was very fast tamed but Clamecy ignored it.
Republicans gave the signal of the insurrection on 5 December to
the evening (to 21 hours) so as to deliver some political prisoners that had been stopped
since an eight of days. The prison of Clamecy was found near the town-hall. With an
armament of fortune, floats, and peoples of the low - city (men, women and children)
walked by shouting, drums and red flag in head, to the high - city. Anxious the Mayor
Legay, member of the party in the order, fearing disorders, gathers the municipal advice
and officials (whose belongs Antoine Auguste Munier) in the hope to calm the hostile crowd
that invades the place. The Mayor parleyed and having thought have convinced rebels to
return at them . Immediately arrived on the place, the rebels tackles the door of the
prison and the church with axes. During the same time, the youth under-Prefect, frightened
by what one coming to announce he decided to make send some policemen armed. Immediately
arrived on the place, the dump of policemen made flow the blood in the rank of republicans
: 6 dead. Rebels, on the high of the tour of the church threaten now their ennemies
trenched in the mayoralty. The former decide to regain their domicile. Antoine Auguste
Munier leaves the town-hall and crosses the full world place. A new gunshot, and Antoine
Auguste Munier is mortally touched.
Of course one has ever known that has killed Antoine Auguste
Munier. Quoted of rebels one claimed that he was whole heart with them and that he had
been going to rejoin them and the quoted other one asserted that he had been voluntarily
destroyed by the chief of rebels that was posted in the tour of the collegiate. One
stopped nevertheless this chief of rebels and a trial taken place. He was condemned to
death but his sorrow was commuted by the president of the Republic and he was sent to the
prison of Cayenne.
The coup of 2 December 1851 followed by a hard repression against
republicans maintains the Prince - President in his functions before to be proclaimed
French emperor on 2 December 1852 under the name of Napoléon III.